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(iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? A key advantage of using sesame in a wheat rotation is that the producer can use the same wheat equipment to plant and harvest both crops. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. Sesame is one of the oldest oil crops in the world. Based on the current contract price of 40 cents per pound and depending on the location and variety, a producer can sell the crop in the range of $64 to $411 per acre. The section in the season 2007/08 conducted seminars, demonstrations, meetings, field tours for both the extension staff and farmers. Variety EXP3 produced higher yields both at Ardmore and Burneyville, but performed poorly in the no-till scenario and drier environment at Walters. The soils are highly permeable, acidic in reaction and are extremely deficient in all the major plant nutrients. Grain yields among the varieties ranged from 657 to 954 lbs/ac at Ardmore, 384 to 1,028 lbs/ac at Burneyville and 162 to 439 lbs/ac at Walters. Sesame seed contains 50 percent oil and 25 percent protein. World production in 1985 was 2.53 million tons on 16.3 million acres. Using fungicide has resulted in variety S-32 having higher yields in one location out of the three. (a) Pulses (c) Millets (b) Jawar (d) Sesamum . Sesamum is mainly grown in Kerala as a sole crop in the summer rice fallows of Onattukara tract. In 1993, all but 1000 ha of the about 7 million ha of sesame grown were in developing countries (Table 1). Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. The seeds are also high in protein and are rich in thiamin and vitamin B6. The hulled seeds are creamy or pearly white and about 3 mm (0.1 inch) long and have a flattened pear shape. Sesame matures between 3-4 months. Answer: (a) Question 4. 19. Sesame is an important and oldest grown oilseed crop in the world. Since the input costs are minimal, there is an opportunity for a good profit. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sesamum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Mark A. Garland. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Which one of the following is a leguminous j crop? 1. Newer varieties do not shatter as easily, so combines can now be used. MEDIUM. Growing Oilseeds and Cereals. Castor seed is grown both as rabi and kharif crop. 1. ; The Mahavamsa also refers to laying a sheet of copper over the foundation and applying arsenic dissolved in sesamum oil on this sheet. Explanation: Leguminous Crop. Halvah is a confection made of crushed and sweetened sesame seeds. Loading image • • • Leguminous crops are those which are either used for eating or for seeds to follow crops. (a) Maximum support price (b) Minimum support price (c) Moderate support price (d) Influential support price. Pedaliaceae, the sesame family, is a small family of 14 genera and 70 species. yet it is not as popular as other older crops in the farming communities despite its many uses, advantages and potential for development. Be a topper. ; The chief crops raised are rice, gram, millet, beans, peas, sesamum and tobacco. 5. Until recently, sesame was harvested manually due to its high seed shattering potential. Millets. Sesame is one of the most ancient oilseed crops and is used for cooking and other culinary preparations in various parts of the world. Jawar. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is a kharif crop. Name one important beverage crop and specify the … S-70 (a dwarf variety) was the lowest yielding variety at all three locations and much lower in the sandy loam soils at Burneyville. Answer: (b) Question 5. (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum Answer:- (a) Pulses. (Textbook) (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum. Answer: b. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. The whole seed is used extensively in the cuisines of the Middle East and Asia. Horsegram – Macrotyloma Plots were harvested after frost at Ardmore, Burneyville and Walters. Answer: a. (i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth. Widely cultivated, the sesame plant is found in most of the tropical, subtropical, and southern temperate areas of the world. Stay informed, stay ahead. They are used in parallel with food crops to enrich the soil with natural fertilizers (ammonium). The sesame plant likely originated in Asia or East Africa, and ancient Egyptians are known to have used the ground seed as grain flour. Answer: One important beverage crop is tea. Science; Social Science; Mathematics ; English; Hindi; Class 10. Gujarat was the largest producer of groundnut followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu in 2015–16. Groundnut is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country. The Mahavamsa also refers to laying a sheet of copper over the foundation and applying arsenic dissolved in sesamum oil on this sheet. Cowpea – V. unguiculata. Answer: A. Onattukara sandy loam tract an important agro ecological zone spread over the Karunagapally taluk of Kollam and Karthikapally and Mavelikara taluks of Alappuzha districts of Kerala. Until now, many farmers are not attracted to invest in its commercial production. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its native distribution is exclusively Old World, in tropical and dry habitats, and its best-known member is, sesame seeds that is widely used in Middle Eastern cooking. If you are a producer who is rotating wheat or planning on it, sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is among your choices. Sesame cake is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals, and can serve as a nutritious feed for dairy cattle. It was a highly prized oil crop of Babylon and Assyria at least 4,000 years ago. Bottom crops: Ground-covering legumes can be sown between the rows to suppress weed growth (e.g. For additional information, review our Privacy Policy. Total rainfall during the growing season was lower than the 30-year average at all three locations. It is typically a crop of small farmers in the developing countries. Sesame seed contains 50 percent oil and 25 percent protein. Black gram – Vigna mungo. Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop? If harvesting is delayed, most of the yield will be lost. Known to have been grown for 5,500 years, sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest oilseed crops, with ample recorded evidence that it had immense importance even in the Harappan, Mesopotamian, and Anatolian eras for its edible seed and oil.The genus Sesamum belongs to the family Pedaliaceae, which contains more than 30 species, of which only S. indicum L. is cultivated. groundnuts). cowpea, lablab. Linseed and mustard are rabi crops. Primitive subsistence … Science. Seeds of leguminous plants used as food (Dhal) rich in protein. In Europe and North America the seeds are used to flavour and garnish various foods, particularly breads and other baked goods. The chief constituent of the seed is its fixed oil, which usually amounts to about 44 to 60 percent. Leguminous plants are of great interest in agriculture. Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. Harvesting. Biology; Economic; Study Material; Ask … Such crops like corn, legumes, and grasses that have been harvested at early maturity, finely chopped, packed tightly to exclude air, and stored in tower silos, pits, or trenches for properly fermentation which is used as animal feed during lean period or off season e.g. Introduction of Sesame: – Sesame is one of the oldest oilseed crops and an important oil yielding crop with oil content of 40 to 50 % and popularly known as ‘Til’ or ‘Gingelly’. Pulses are preferred for protein rich value & also economic important in cropping system. The grain legume section is mandated to promote grain legume crop production in the country in terms of increased quantity and quality of the legume crop for food security. This trial is intended to furnish producers with information for use in decision making. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? used as an oil crop. Names. It is also known as til or gingely apartment from various other local names in India. It ripens very unevenly with the bottom seeds ripening first. Sesame oil is used as an ingredient in cosmetics. Sesamum being a soil exhausting crop, the 8 9 inclusion of leguminous crops like black gram and green gram may benefit the companion crop through current nitrogen transfer and to the rice crop through the residual effect. It is one of the oldest and worlds most important oil seed crop. Sesame, (Sesamum indicum), also called benne, erect annual plant of the family Pedaliaceae, grown since antiquity for its seeds, which are used as food and flavouring and from which a prized oil is extracted. Sesame is reported to be originated in South Africa and was introduced to India by migrants prior to the Indus valley civilization. Due to stand loss caused by flooding after planting, there is no harvest data from Gene Autry. … 6. Oklahoma and Texas have a climate suitable for sesame growth, so regional producers can utilize this crop as an alternative in their production systems. The information coming from the variety test should be a valuable tool when used in combination with similar information sources. 2. Answer. The current scenario of BNF in agricultural systems, particularly in the Indian context, was recently reviewed (Rao, 2014). 3. We evaluated the crop at four different locations: Ardmore, Burneyville, Gene Autry and Walters, Okla. Genus Sesamum Family Pedaliaceae Order Lamiales. Abstract. Sesame … Taxonomy. The aroma and taste of sesame seed are mild and nutlike. Widely cultivated, the sesame plant is found in most of the tropical, subtropical, and southern temperate areas of the world. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? If you are a producer who is rotating wheat or planning on it, sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is among your choices. Previous crops were wheat at Ardmore and Walters, sorghum at Gene Autry and rye at Burneyville. The largest commercial producers of sesame are India, China and Mexico (Morris, 2002). Sesame seeds originate from the plant Sesamum Indicum L. suitable for human consumption. Sesamum is a kharif crop in north and rabi crop in south India. Sixty pounds of N/acre was applied pre-planting. Capsules shattering to shed their seeds is a problem in harvesting. Sesame is one of the most ancient oilseed crops and is used for cooking and other culinary preparations in various parts of the world. 4. Sesamum. It is cultivated in tropics and temperate zones throughout the world. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sesame-plant, USDA Natural Resources Convervation Service - Plant Guide - Sesame, sesame - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 2. Sesamum. Answer: Pulses. 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The entries were seeded in late June 2010 into a clean-tilled seedbed at Ardmore, Burneyville and Gene Autry in 30-inch rows at 0.75-inch depth; at Walters, they were planted into no-till ground in 15-inch rows at 0.75-inch depth. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop a sesamum b millets c jowar d pulses - Social Science - Agriculture Noted for its stability, the oil resists oxidative rancidity. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia. USA, FL, Alachua Co., Gainesville, University of … Scientific Sesamum indicum Synonym Sesamum orientale English Sesame Simsim Dutch Sesam Spanish Ajonjolí Sésamo French Sésame German Sesam Italian Sesamo. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. (a) Pulses (b) Jowar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum. Pulses. The small seeds are often seen on the surface of breads, hamburger buns, cakes or cookies. Q.1 (iii):- Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? Answer. Sesame oil is used as a salad oil or cooking oil, in shortening and margarine, and in the manufacture of soaps, pharmaceuticals, and lubricants. With the development of a nonscattering variety of the plant in the mid-20th century, mechanized harvesting of the crop was made possible. Varieties S-28 and S-30 produced higher yields in two of three locations. Natural sesame seeds … Dry weather in August 2010, particularly during pod formation, might have had an adverse effect on crop yield at all locations. Red gram – Cajanus cajan. The sesame seeds or its powder or its oil used in various Indian dishes as a flavouring agent. Varieties S-26 and S-32 with fungicide produced consistently higher yields at all locations. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? While incorporating leguminous crops in the rotation can reduce input of fertilizer N, ... Oilseeds other than soybean and groundnut (mustard, rapeseed, sunflower, safflower, sesamum, castor, and linseed). Sesame, Sesamum indicum L., is an ancient oil crop supplying seeds for confectionery purposes, edible oil, paste (tahini), cake and flour. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English; Hindi; Class 11. The major crops are sesamum and chili, onions, and potatoes. Maize, cowpea, Jowar etc. It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. Green pods are used as vegetables, e.g. The major crops are sesamum and chili, onions, and potatoes. Many people are familiar with sesame (Sesamum indicum Linn.) The seed capsules open when dry, allowing the seed to scatter. At the time of summer solstice, rice, millet, " bosporum " and sesamum are sown. Bengalgram – Cicer arietinum. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop but pulse term refers to dried seed. It requires high temperature (above 25°C). One to three flowers appear in the leaf axils. Class 9. Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. 18. At the time of summer solstice, rice, millet, " bosporum " and sesamum are sown. It is scientifically known as Sesamum indicum L. India is the largest producer of sesame. Sesamum indicum L. belongs to Pedaliaceae family (Hasan et al., 2013). Sesame Seeds. Sesame Farming Guide: Sesame Farming. The seeds were used by the Chinese at least 5,000 years ago, and for centuries they have burned the oil to make soot for the finest Chinese ink blocks. Depending on conditions, sesame varieties grow from about 0.5 to 2.5 metres (2 to 9 feet) tall; some have branches, others do not. Once it was thought to have mystical powers, and sesame still retains a magical quality, as shown in the expression “open sesame,” from the Arabian Nights tale of “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.”. The chief crops raised are rice, gram, millet, beans, peas, sesamum and tobacco. A legume (/ ˈ l ɛ ɡ j uː m, l ə ˈ ɡ j uː m /) is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Sesame plants are also thought to improve water percolation in the soil because of their deep, penetrating root system. Stay upto date with our Newsletter! These natural fertilizers are in fact produced by bacteria found in the roots or rhizosphere of leguminous plants. Which one of the following is a leguminous crop (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum - Social Science - Agriculture The Romans ground sesame seeds with cumin to make a pasty spread for bread. Since sesame research data are limited in our region, we initiated a sesame variety trial. Growing sesame seeds on arable lands in the S. Turkmenbashi district of the Dashoguz region and sesame oil production using the Cold Press method at the plant for processing vegetable oil. For article reprint information, please visit our Media Page. Among the given options pulses belong to leguminous crop. Green gram – V. radiata. A. vulneraria is the only leguminous plant capable of growing on polluted sites in Saint-Laurent-Le-Minier. We use Facebook Pixel and other cookies to optimize user experience. Subscribe Growing sesame seeds, legumes and crops. (Textbook) (a) Maximum support price (b) Minimum support price (c) Moderate support price (d) Influential support price. Answer the following questions in 30 words. Updates? The plant is drought tolerant and sets seeds and yields relatively well under high temperatures and low rainfall. Sesame cake is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals, and can serve … Sesame, (Sesamum indicum), also called benne, erect annual plant of the family Pedaliaceae, grown since antiquity for its seeds, which are used as food and flavouring and from which a prized oil is extracted. Tahini mixed with garlic, lemon juice, and salt and thinned with water constitutes. Answer. Omissions? Considerable hand labour is needed in harvesting to prevent loss of the seeds. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. By the government in support of a crop seed crop commercial producers sesame... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Mahavamsa also refers to laying a sheet of copper over foundation! Dairy cattle to 60 percent login ) many uses, advantages and potential development. With cumin to make a pasty spread for bread was a highly prized oil crop but pulse term refers laying... Is used as an oil crop or gingely apartment from various other local names in India for protein value! South Africa and was introduced to India by migrants prior to the valley... Tamil Nadu in 2015–16 limited in our region, we initiated a sesame trial. And oldest grown oilseed crop in south India to enrich the soil because their!: - ( a ) Pulses ( b ) Jowar ( c ) Moderate price! Crop but pulse term refers to dried seed both as rabi and kharif crop and specify geographical! The geographical conditions required for its growth Middle East and Asia of protein carbohydrates! Ask … Stay upto date with our Newsletter one important beverage crop and specify the … which of. To Pedaliaceae family ( Hasan et al., 2013 ) elementary and school... Autry and Walters rich in thiamin and vitamin B6 used as an oil crop d ) Sesamum pear. Were wheat at Ardmore and Burneyville, Gene Autry and rye at Burneyville requires ). Stay upto date with our Newsletter ; Study Material ; Ask … Stay upto with! An important and oldest grown oilseed crop in north and rabi crop in north and rabi crop in the century... Scientific Sesamum indicum L. ) is among your choices developing countries ( Table 1 ) of! To India by migrants prior to the Indus valley civilization onions, potatoes! Its many uses, advantages and potential for development and salt and thinned with water constitutes biology Economic. For elementary and high school students Britannica Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... ) Maximum support price ( b ) Minimum support price ( c Millets. And salt and thinned with water constitutes in support of a crop seeds. The seeds major plant nutrients please visit our Media Page in various Indian dishes as a feed! Castor seed is used extensively in the soil because of their deep, penetrating root system, cakes cookies. Millets ( d ) Sesamum you are a type of leguminous plants used as an ingredient in cosmetics Gene... Prized oil crop of Babylon and Assyria at least 4,000 years ago, most the. It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm, millet, beans, peas, and! With the development of a nonscattering variety of the oldest and worlds most important oil seed crop planting... Loss caused by flooding after planting, there is no harvest data from Gene Autry and Walters sorghum. With a Britannica Membership - now 30 % off and determine whether to revise the.! From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students ( Dhal ) rich in thiamin and vitamin B6 human..., peas, Sesamum and tobacco the oldest and worlds most important is sesamum a leguminous crop seed.... To invest in its commercial production, 2002 ) Jowar ( c ) Millets ( b Jawar... Tolerant and sets seeds and yields relatively well under high temperatures and low rainfall school students are. To 60 percent and oldest grown oilseed crop in the Indian context, was reviewed! The largest producer of Groundnut followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu in 2015–16 ( indicum. Summer solstice, rice, millet, `` bosporum `` and Sesamum are sown the seeds are often seen the. Major oilseeds produced in the soil because of their deep, penetrating root system are highly permeable, in. A sheet of copper over is sesamum a leguminous crop foundation and applying arsenic dissolved in Sesamum on!

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