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He said chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene … How does styrene gas affect the body? Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. 1994, Kolstad et al. appropriate, to prevent skin contact. Health effects of styrene include irritation of the skin, eyes, and the upper respiratory tract. J Med Toxicol. This includes monitoring for styrene-related cancers and tumors. Conclusions: Occupational exposure to styrene is a risk factor for hearing loss, and styrene-exposed workers should be included in hearing loss prevention programs. Styrene 100-42-5 Hazard Summary Styrene is primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. higher levels of styrene exposure or longer times since first exposure (Kogevinas et al. Signs and symptoms of Styrene exposure. Eye Protection: ... (104F) to form a heat-sensitive explosive peroxide. Published 1 July 2014 Last updated 16 … 2010. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). References. Styrene can enter the environment after being released by the manufacturer in the form of a gas or liquid. 1994). with all sections of the recommended standard should prevent or greatly reduce the risk to exposed workers of adverse effects. Best practice advice is to control exposure to styrene to a level below the workplace exposure limit (WEL). Styrene is moderately toxic but may give severe injuries by inhalation and ingestion.and long term exposure is fatal. According to scientists, inhalation of styrene gas is the major route of exposure in humans. Although co-exposure to butadiene is a concern in the styrene-butadiene industry, the find-ing of increased cancer risk in the reinforced-plastics industry, where Styrene may cause cancer, though it is still unknown. NIOSH considers the recommended environmental limits for styrene to be upper boundaries of exposure. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The only treatment for styrene toxicity is treating the effects and symptoms of exposure and avoiding re-exposure to styrene. Color blindness in men and women (standardized morbidity ratios 2.3 and 16.6, respectively) was not associated with exposure estimates, but was the type previously reported with styrene. On exposure to lig ht and air, styrene slowly undergoes polymerization and oxidation with format ion of peroxides. 1. Results: The median current styrene exposure was 53.6 mg/g creatinine (interquartile range: 19.5-94.4). Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. These documents provide information on the health effects of exposure, the chemical’s toxicity and material for responding to a chemical incident. Exposure to noise (<85 dBA p = 0.0001; ≥85 dB(A) p = 0.0192) interacted significantly with styrene exposure. Exposure to styrene in air can also irritate the eyes, nose and throat. It has been reported that 60-70% of the inhaled gas is rapidly absorbed by the liver and lung tissues. Acute exposure may also result in gastrointestinal effects. Exposure to high concentrations of styrene in air can affect the central nervous system causing tiredness, muscle weakness, problems concentrating and nausea. Thus, employers should make every effort to maintain exposure concentrations as low as possible. Reported that 60-70 % of the inhaled gas is rapidly absorbed by the and. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ( ATSDR ) in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation and...: 19.5-94.4 ) eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects, eyes, nose and throat exposure limit ( ). Ingestion.And long term exposure is fatal give severe injuries by inhalation and ingestion.and long term exposure is fatal GA Centers... 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